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Dear Visitor,

Welcome to this highly eclectic blog. Hope you will enjoy looking around. This is my personal blog where i am going to post all sorts of things. Things that inspire me. I might not be able to frequently update and intended, but will try my best. It does take a lot of time to operate. But, it is fun.

Computers are used by all of us nowadays and they have been used for many years. It is 21st century and not 20th century. "The computer was born to solve problems that did not exit before." According to me it is a computer age. Not a gift from our politician.

Computers have touched every part of our lives: the way we work, the way we learn, the way we live, even the way we play. It almost is impossible to go through a single day without encountering a computer, a device dependent on a computer , information produced by a computer, or a word that was introduced or whose meaning has changed with the advent of computers. Because of the significance of computers in today's world, it is important to be computer literate. Being computer literate means you have to knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses.

I am a Computer Master! Everyday I learn something new, as I learn I will add to this page various things that I am able to do. That way, this website will serve both as a place to show off my skill as well as a reference to me so that I can look at what I did in the past if ever need to remember how to do something.

I love helping and sharing knowledge with those that don't know where to start or how to get rid of Malware and secure their computers. It's all free programs and very useful links so visitor can go straight to download. I know there are lots of free software but those who have "Lack of computer knowledge is dangerous" and don't know the right program to download.

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To meet and to part is the way of life. But to part and to meet is the hope of life, so, let’s hopes to meet someday, somewhere on this planet.

Old friends pass away, new friends appear. It is just like the days. An old day passes, a new day arrives. The important thing is to make it meaningful: a meaningful friend - or a meaningful day.

Thanks for visiting.

See ya around!

"Computer Software & Hardware Engineering Lecture"

The most likely way for the world to be destroyed, most experts agree, is by accident. That’s where we come in; we’re computer professionals. We cause accidents.”

“If you think you are worth what you know, you are very wrong. Your knowledge today does not have much value beyond a couple of years. Your value is what you can learn and how easily you can adapt to the changes this profession brings so often.”

“Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn.”

"Learn something. That is the only thing that never fails. You may grow old and trembling in your anatomies, you may lie awake at night listening to the disorder in your veins; you may see the world around you devastated by evil lunatics, or know your honor trampled in the sewers of baser minds. There is only one thing for it then—to learn. Learn why the world wags and what wags it. That is the only thing which the mind can never exhaust, never alienate, never be tortured by, never fear or distrust, and never dream of regretting. Learning is the thing for you.”

. "

Sunday, July 5, 2009

Dalai Lama Quations

Compassion is not religious business, it is human business, it is not luxury, it is essential for our own peace and mental stability, it is essential for human survival.

This is my simple religion. There is no need for temples; no need for complicated philosophy. Our own brain, our own heart is our temple; the philosophy is kindness.

I believe all suffering is caused by ignorance. People inflict pain on others in the selfish pursuit of their happiness or satisfaction. Yet true happiness comes from a sense of peace and contentment, which in turn must be achieved through the cultivation of altruism, of love and compassion, and elimination of ignorance, selfishness, and greed.

I am open to the guidance of synchronicity, and do not let expectations hinder my path.

I am a simple Buddhist monk.

Human beings are of such nature that they should have not only material facilities but spiritual sustenance as well. Without spiritual sustenance, it is difficult to get and maintain peace of mind.

From the viewpoint of absolute truth, what we feel and experience in our ordinary daily life is all delusion. Of all the various delusions, the sense of discrimination between oneself and others is the worst form, as it creates nothing but unpleasantness for both sides. If we can realize and meditate on ultimate truth, it will cleanse our impurities of mind and thus eradicate the sense of discrimination. This will help to create true love for one another. The search for ultimate truth is, therefore, vitally important.

I believe that the very purpose of life is to be happy. From the very core of our being, we desire contentment. In my own limited experience I have found that the more we care for the happiness of others, the greater is our own sense of well-being. Cultivating a close, warmhearted feeling for others automatically puts the mind at ease. It helps remove whatever fears or insecurities we may have and gives us the strength to cope with any obstacles we encounter. It is the principal source of success in life. Since we are not solely material creatures, it is a mistake to place all our hopes for happiness on external development alone. The key is to develop inner peace.

Each of us in our own way can try to spread compassion into people’s hearts. Western civilizations these days place great importance on filling the human “brain” with knowledge, but no one seems to care about filling the human “heart” with compassion. This is what the real role of religion is.

I believe that the very purpose of our life is to seek happiness. That is clear. Whether one believes in religion or not, whether one believes in this religion or that religion, we all are seeking something better in life. So, I think, the very motion of our life is towards happiness…

Be kind whenever possible…It is always possible.

Basically we are all the same human beings with the same potential to be a good human being or a bad human being ... The important thing is to realize the positive side and try to increase that; realize the negative side and try to reduce. That's the way.

As human beings we all want to be happy and free from misery…we have learned that the key to happiness is inner peace. The greatest obstacles to inner peace are disturbing emotions such as anger and attachment, fear and suspicion, while love, compassion, and a sense of universal responsibility are the sources of peace and happiness.

All major religious traditions carry basically the same message, that is love, compassion and forgiveness ... the important thing is they should be part of our daily lives.

As human beings we all want to be happy and free from misery… we have learned that the key to happiness is inner peace. The greatest obstacles to inner peace are disturbing emotions such as anger, attachment, fear and suspicion, while love and compassion and a sense of universal responsibility are the sources of peace and happiness.

A new way of thinking has become the necessary condition for responsible living and acting. If we maintain obsolete values and beliefs, a fragmented consciousness and self-centered spirit, we will continue to hold onto outdated goals and behaviors. Such an attitude by a large number of people would block the entire transition to an interdependent yet peaceful and cooperative global society.

Love and compassion are necessities, not luxuries. Without them humanity cannot survive.

For those who may not find happiness to exercise religious faith, it's okay to remain a radical atheist, it's absolutely an individual right, but the important thing is with a compassionate heart -- then no problem.

In the practice of tolerance, one's enemy is the best teacher.

We can never obtain peace in the outer world until we make peace with ourselves.
This we can all bear witness to, living as we do plagued by unremitting anxiety … It becomes more and more imperative that the life of the spirit be avowed as the only firm basis upon which to establish happiness and peace.

This new concept ought to be elaborated alongside the religions, in such a way that all people of good will could adhere to it. We ought to promote this concept with the help of scientists. It could lead us to what we are looking for.

Old friends pass away, new friends appear. It is just like the days. An old day passes, a new day arrives. The important thing is to make it meaningful: a meaningful friend – or a meaningful day. In the practice of tolerance, one’s enemy is the best teacher.

Nowadays the world is becoming increasingly materialistic, and mankind is reaching toward the very zenith of external progress, driven by an insatiable desire for power and vast possessions. Yet by this vain striving for perfection in a world where everything is relative, they wander even further away from inward peace and happiness of the mind.

My religion is very simple. My religion is kindness.

I believe deeply that we must find, all of us together, a new spirituality.

My message is the practice of compassion, love and kindness. Compassion can be put into practice if one recognizes the fact that every human being is a member of humanity and the human family regardless of differences in religion, culture, color and creed. Deep down there is no difference.

Where ignorance is our master, there is no possibility of real peace.

In Buddhism we have relative truth and absolute truth.

If you want others to be happy, practice compassion. If you want to be happy, practice compassion.

If you have a particular faith or religion, that is good. But you can survive without it.

I truly believe that individuals can make a difference in society. Since periods of change such as the present one come so rarely in human history, it is up to each of us to make the best use of our time to help create a happier world.

I pray for a more friendly, more caring, and more understanding human family on this planet. To all who dislike suffering, who cherish lasting happiness, this is my heartfelt appeal.

I find hope in the darkest of days, and focus in the brightest. I do not judge the universe.

I would like to explain the meaning of compassion, which is often misunderstood. Genuine compassion is based not on our own projections and expectations, but rather on the rights of the other: irrespective of whether another person is a close friend or an enemy, as long as that person wishes for peace and happiness and wishes to overcome suffering, then on that basis we develop genuine concern for his or her problem. This is genuine compassion. Usually when we are concerned about a close friend, we call this compassion. This is not compassion; it is attachment. Even in marriage, those marriages that last only a short time do so because of attachment – although it is generally present – but because there is also compassion. Marriages that last only a short time do so because of a lack of compassion; there is only emotional attachment based on projection and expectation. When the only bond between close friends is attachment, then even a minor issue may cause one’s projections to change. As soon as our projections change, the attachment disappears – because that attachment was based solely on projection and expectation. It is possible to have compassion without attachment – and similarly, to have anger without hatred. Therefore we need to clarify the distinctions between compassion and attachment, and between anger and hatred. Such clarity is useful in our daily life and in our efforts towards world peace. I consider these to be basic spiritual values for the happiness of all human beings, regardless of whether one is a believer or a nonbeliever.

In our daily lives problems are bound to arise. The biggest problems in our lives are the ones that we inevitably have to face, like old age, illness, and death. Trying to avoid our problems or simply not thinking about them may provide temporary relief, but I think that there is a better approach. If you directly confront your suffering, you will be in a better position to appreciate the depth and nature of the problem. If you are in a battle, as long as you remain ignorant of the status and combat capability of your enemy, you will be totally unprepared and paralyzed by fear. However, if you know the fighting capability of your opponents, what sort of weapons they have and so on, then you’re in a much better position when you engage in war. In the same way, if you confront your problems rather than avoid them, you will be in a better position to deal with them.

His Holiness The Dalai Lama: A Profile

His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is the head of state of Tibet and spiritual leader of the Tibetan people. Born Lhamo Dhondup on 6 July 1935 to a farming family at the hamlet of Taktser in north-eastern Tibet, he was recognized at the age of two as the reincarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso.

“Dalai Lama” is a Mongolian title meaning “Ocean of Wisdom”, and the Dalai Lamas are the manifestations of the Bodhisttva of Compassion, Chenrezing. Bodhisattvas are enlightened beings who have postponed their own nirvana and chosen to take rebirth to serve humanity.

Education in Tibet

His Holiness began his monastic education at the age of six. At 23 he sat for his final examination in the Jokhang Temple, Lhasa, on the occasion of the annual Monlam (prayer) Festival in 1959. In the morning, he was examined by 30 scholars on logic. In the afternoon, he debated with 15 scholars on the subject of Middle path, and in the evening 35 scholars tested his knowledge of the canon of monastic discipline and metaphysics. The examination was conducted before 20,000 monk scholars. His Holiness passed with honors and was awarded the Lharampa degree (a doctorate in Buddhist philosophy), the highest level geshe degree'

Leadership Responsibilities
In 1950 His Holiness the Dalai Lama was called upon to assume full political power after China’s invasion of Tibet in 1949. In 1954 he went to Beijing for peace talks with Mao Zedong and other Chinese leaders, including Deng Xiaoping. But finally, in 1959, with the brutal suppression of the Tibetan national uprising in Lhasa by Chinese troops, the Dalai Lama was forced to escape into exile. Since then he was been living in Dharamsala, north India, the seat of the Tibetan


Following the Chinese invasion, His Holiness appealed for the United Nations’ medication on behalf of Tibet. The UN General Assembly adopted three resolutions on the issue of Tibet in 1959, 1961 and 1965.

Initiatives for Democracy

In 1963 His Holiness the Dalai Lama presented a draft democratic constitution for Tibet, following this with a number of reforms. His radical initiative of May 1990 saw the realization of a truly democratic government for the exile Tibetan community. The Tibetan Cabinet (Kashag), which till then had been appointed by him, was dissolved along with the Tenth Assembly for Tibetan People’s Deputies (Tibetan parliament in exile). In the same year, exile Tibetans on the Indian sub-continent and in over 33 other countries elected 46 members to the new and expanded Tibetan parliament on a “one man one vote” basis. The parliament, in its turn, elected new members to the cabinet.

The new democratic constitution promulgated as a result of this reform was named “The Charter of Tibetans in Exile”. The charter enshrines freedom of speech, belief, assembly and movement. It also provides detailed guidelines governing functions of the Tibetan government in exile.

In 2001, the Tibetan parliament, on the advice of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, amended the charter to provide for the direct election of the highest executive head, known as Kalon Tripa. Following this, exile Tibetans went to the polls and elected Professor Samdhong Rinphoche as their executive head. Professor Rinphoche took the oath of office on 5 September 2001.
Either, in 1992, His Holiness the Dalai Lama issued a manifesto for future Tibet, entitled “Guidelines for Future Tibet’s Policy and Basic Features of its Constitution”. In it, he announced that when Tibet becomes free the immediate task will be to set up an interim government, entrusted with the responsibility of electing a constitutional assembly to frame and adopt a democratic constitution. On that day His Holiness will transfer his political authority to the Interim President and live as an ordinary citizen. His Holiness also stated that Tibet-comprising of the three traditional provinces of U-Tsang, Amdo and Kham-will become a federal democracy.

Peace Initiatives
On 21 September 1987 His Holiness the Dalai Lama address the US Congressional Human Rights Caucus and unveiled his Five Point Peace plan as the first step towards a peaceful solution to the worsening situation in Tibet. He envisaged that future Tibet will become a sanctuary-a zone of peace at the heart of Asia-where sentient beings can exist in harmony with nature. The following are the main components of his Five Point Peace Plan:

1. Transformation of the whole of Tibet into a zone of peace2. Abandonment of China’s population transfer policy which threatens the very existence of Tibetans as a people3. Respect for the Tibetan people’s fundamental human rights and democratic freedoms4. Restoration and protection of Tibet’s natural environment and the abandonment of China’s use of Tibet for the production of nuclear weapons and dumping of nuclear waste5. Commencement of earnest negotiations on the future status of Tibet and of relations between the Tibetan and Chinese people.

Revered by Tibetans
Every Tibetan has a deep and inexpressible connection with His Holiness the Dalai Lama. To the Tibetans, His Holiness symbolizes Tibet in its entirety: the beauty of the land, the purity of its rivers and lakes, the sanctity of its skies, the solidity of its mountains, and the strength of its people.

Universal Recognition

His Holiness the Dalail Lama has consistently advocated dialogue and non-violence as a means of resolving conflicts and disputes, even in the face of extreme aggression. In 1989 he was awarded the Noble Peace Prize for his non-violent struggle for the liberation of Tibet. He became the first Noble
Laureate to be recognized by the Noble Committee for his concern for global environmental problems.

His Holiness has traveled to more than 52 countries and met with presidents, Prime ministers and crowned rulers. He has held dialogues with the heads of different religions and many well-known scientists.
From 1959 to now His Holiness has received over 60 honorary doctorates, awards, prizes, etc., in recognition of his message of peace, no-violence, inter-religious understanding, universal responsibility and compassion and forgiveness.

The Dalai Lama’s Message

Universal Responsibility
“To meet the challenge of our times, human beings will have to develop a greater sense of universal responsibility. Each of us must learn to work not just for his or her own self, family or nation, but for the benefit of all mankind. Universal responsibility is the real key to human survival. It is the best foundation for world peace.”

Buddhism“My religion is simple, my religion is kindness.”
“If you can help others, do it. If not, at least don’t harm anyone. This is the essence of all religious traditions.”

Religious Tolerance
I always believe that it is much better to have a variety of religions, a variety of philosophy, rather than one single religion or philosophy. This is necessary because of the different mental disposition of each human being. Each religion has certain unique ideas or techniques, and learning about them can only enrich one’s own faith.”

“Taking care of our planet is like taking care of our houses. Since we human beings come from Nature, there is no point in our going against nature, which is why I say environment is not a matter of religion or ethics or morality. These are luxuries, since we can survive without them. But we will not survive if we continue to go against Nature.”

India“We Tibetans as refugees will always feel grateful to the people of India, not only for giving help and shelter to this generation, but for many generations we Tibetans have received light and wisdom from this country. So, we will always feel indebted. From the cultural point of view, we are followers of the India culture. Culturally, we Tibetans belong to India.”

China“We are not against the Chinese and we are not even against the Chinese leader-they are also our human brothers and sisters. If they have freedom to choose, they may not indulge in such destructive activities, because these activities or acts bring a bad name for them. I have compassion for them.”


By His Holiness the Dalai Lama It is very good to recite the mantra Om mani padme hum, but while you are doing it, you should be thinking on its meaning, for the meaning of the six syllables is great and vast. The first, Om is composed of three letters, A, U, and M. These symbolize the practitioner's impure body, speech, and mind; they also symbolize the pure exalted body, speech, and mind of a Buddha.

Can impure body, speech, and mind be transformed into pure body, speech, and mind, or are they entirely separate? All Buddhas are cases of beings who were like ourselves and then in dependence on the path became enlightened; Buddhism does not assert that there is anyone who from the beginning is free from faults and possesses all good qualities. The development of pure body, speech, and mind comes from gradually leaving the impure states arid their being transformed into the pure.

How is this done? The path is indicated by the next four syllables. Mani, meaning jewel, symbolizes the factors of method-the altruistic intention to become enlightened, compassion, and love. Just as a jewel is capable of removing poverty, so the altruistic mind of enlightenment is capable of removing the poverty, or difficulties, of cyclic existence and of solitary peace. Similarly, just as a jewel fulfills the wishes of sentient beings, so the altruistic intention to become enlightened fulfills the wishes of sentient beings.

The two syllables, padme, meaning lotus, symbolize wisdom. Just as a lotus grows forth from mud but is not sullied by the faults of mud, so wisdom is capable of putting you in a situation of non-contradiction whereas there would be contradiction if you did not have wisdom. There is wisdom realizing impermanence, wisdom realizing that persons are empty, of being self-sufficient or substantially existent, wisdom that realizes the emptiness of duality-that is to say, of difference of entity between subject an object-and wisdom that realizes the emptiness of inherent existence. Though there are many different types of wisdom, the main of all these is the wisdom realizing emptiness.

Purity must be achieved by an indivisible unity of method and wisdom, symbolized by the final syllable hum, which indicates indivisibility. According to the sutra system, this indivisibility of method and wisdom refers to wisdom affected by method and method affected by wisdom. In the mantra, or tantric, vehicle, it refers to one consciousness in which there is the full form of both wisdom and method as one undifferentiable entity. In terms of the seed syllables of the five Conqueror Buddhas, hum is the seed syllable of Akshobhya - the immovable, the unfluctuating, that which cannot be disturbed by anything.

Thus the six syllables, om mani padme hum, mean that in dependence on the practice of a path which is an indivisible union of method and wisdom, you can transform your impure body, speech, and mind into the pure exalted body, speech, and mind of a Buddha. It is said that you should not seek for Buddhahood outside of yourself; the substances for the achievement of Buddhahood are within. As Maitreya says in his Sublime Continuum of the Great Vehicle (Uttaratantra), all beings naturally have the Buddha nature in their own continuum. We have within us the seed of purity, the essence of a One Gone Thus (Tathagatagarbha), that is to be transformed and fully developed into Buddhahood.

Spiritual Traditions of Tibet

Bon is the earliest and native religion of Tibet. It was founded by toenpa Shenrab Mewo in the legendary land of Zhangzhung. Bon was the only religion of Tibet until Songtsen Gampo introduced Buddhism in the seventh century. Receving royal patronage, Buddhism gradually replaced Bon as the predominant religion of Tibet.

However, Bon Religion continues to thrive today with a vibrant monastic community, whose discipline, dedication and scholarship are exemplary among the exile Tibetans.
The current spiritual center of Bon religion is Menri Gompa in Dolanji, near Solan, Himachal Pradesh India, Bon’s overall spiritual head is Gyalwa Menrin Trizin.


Tibetan Buddhism is broadly divided into four schools. Nyingma, Kagyud, Sakya and Gelung. Although each school has it’s respective head, His Holiness the Dalai Lama is the ultimate head of all.


The Nyingma School, the oldest order of Tibetan Buddhism, was founded by Padmasambhava, an Indian tantric adept. He came to Tibet in the eight century at the invitation of King Trisong Detsen and hid numerous secret doctrines in various places.

These were later discovered at appropriate times and became codified into the teachings of the Nyingma order. The central instruction of the Nyingma School is Dzongchen (The Great Completion). Vimalamitra, an Indian contemporary of Padmasambhava, transmitted this teaching to Tibetan scholar Nyanging Ngezin. The Dzogchen precepts were later explained and elaborated by Longchenpa in the form of a text, which became known as Nying-thing (Heart’s Drop).

The current head of the Nyingma School is His Eminence Minling Trichen, who lives in Clement Town, Dehradun, North India.


The Kagyud School was founded in the eleventh century by the great translator Marpa. He traveled three times to India and studies under Naropa, one of the most accomplished India Vajrayana master of the time. Marpa’s most illustrious disciple was Milarepa, who is credited with attaining enlightenment in one lifetime. The central practice of the Kagyud School is know as the Six Yogas of Naropa.The Kagyud School gradually diversified into Four Greater sub-sects and Eight Lesser sub sects. The Four Greater sub-sects are: 1) Tselpa Kagyud, 2) Phagdru Kagyud, 3) Barom Kagyud, and 4) Kamtsang Kagyud. The Eight Lesser sub-sects: 1) Drigung Kagyud, 2) Taklung Kagyud, 3) Trophu Kagyud, 4) Drukpa Kagyud, 5) Marpa Kagyud, 6) Yelpa Kagyud, 7) Yasang Kagyud, and 8) Shugseb Kagyud.

Each sub-sect has it’s respective head. His Eminence Gyalwa Karmapa is the head of Kamtsang Kagyud, His Eminence Drukchen Rinphoche of Drukpa Kargyud, His Eminence Drigung Chetsang of Drikung Kagyud, and so on.

Tibet at a Glance

Tibet refers to the entity composed of U-Tsang, Kham and Amdo provinces. It should not be confused to mean only the “Tibetan Autonomous regions”, which is actually less than half the landmass of Tibet with only one-third of the total Tibetan population.

Land Size: 2.5 million sq km, which includes U-Tsang, Kham and Amdo provinces. “Tibet Autonomous Region”, consisting of U-Tsang and a small portion of Kham, is 1.2 million sq km. The bulk of Tibet lies outside the “TAR”.

Political Status: Occupied country and without UN representaion
Administration: Under present-day Chinese rule, Tibet is divided into: (a)Tibet Autonomous Region, (b) Qinghai Province, (c)Tianzu Tibetan Autonomous County and Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Gansu Province, d) Aba Tibetan-Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Mili Tibetan Autonomous County in Sichuan Province, e) Dechen Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province.
Population: Six million Tibetans and over 7.5 million Chinese, most of whom are in Amdo and Kham.

Average Altitude:
4,000 metres or 13,000 feet above sea level.

Major Rivers: Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra in India), Machu (Yello River in China), Drichu (Yangtse in China), Senge Khabab (Indus in India), Phungchu (Arun in India), Gyalmo Ngulchu (Salween in Burma), and Zachu (Mekong in Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos)
Wildlife: Tibetan antelope, wild yak, wild ass, Tibetan argali, blue sheep, black-necked crane, Tibetan gazelle, giant panda, red panda, golden monkey

Economy: Agriculture and animal husbandry

Literacy Rate: Approximately 25 percent

Exile Tibetans at a Glance
Population: Approximately 111,170 (Approximate worldwide distribution: India and Nepal 14,000; Bhutan 1,600; Switzerland 1,540; Rest of Europe 640; Scandinavia 110; USA and Canada 7,000; Japan 60; Taiwan 1,000; Australia and New Zealand 220; (Based on Tibetan Demographic Survey of 1998, Planning Council, Dharamsala)
Constitution: Charter of the Tibetans in Exile

Judiciary: Tibetan Supreme Justice Commission with one Chief Supreme Justice Commissioner and two Supreme Justice Commissioners, all of whom are appointed by His Holiness the Dalai Lama.

Legislature: Assembly of Tibetan People’s Deputies with 46 members (43 elected directly by the exile population and three appointed by His Holiness the Dalai Lam). The term of office is five years.

Executive: The Kashag (Cabinet) is the apex executive body. The executive chief is elected directly by the exile population for a term of five years. He/she nominates other members of the Kashag and seeks approval for their appointment from the Assembly of Tibetan People’s Deputies.

Major NGOs: Tibetan Youth Congress, Tibetan Women’s Association, Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy, Tibetan Freedom Movement, Gu-chu-sum.
Foreign Missions: Based in New Delhi, Kathmandu, New York, London, Paris, Geneva, Brussels, Budapest, Moscow, Canberra, Tokyo, Pretoria and Taipei.

Agriculture, agro-industries, handicraft exports, service sector, sweater-selling business

Dharamsala and Beijing: Initiatives for Negotiations

Feb 1979: Deng Xiaoping meets Gyalo Thondup, elder brother of the Dalai Lama, in Beijing and tells him that China is willing to discuss and resolve with Tibetans all issues other than the complete independence of Tibet. Deng also invites exiled Tibetans to visit Tibet and see the actual conditions for themselves.

Aug 1979: The Dalai Lama sends the First Fact-finding Delegation to Tibet.

May 1980: The Second Fact finding Delegation visits Tibet.

Jul 1980: The Third Fact finding Delegation visits Tibet.

Sep 1980:
The Dalai Lama offers to send 50 trained teachers from the exile community to participate in the education development of Tibet. He also suggests opening a liaison office in Lhasa to build trust between the Chinese government and Tibetans. China evades these two initiatives by asking for their deferment for the time being.

Mar 1981: The Dalai Lama writes to Deng Xiaoping, stating that the three delegations have found grievous conditions in Tibet and that “genuine efforts must be made to resolve the problem of Tibet”. The Dalai Lama suggests improving “relation between China and Tibet as well as between Tibetans in and outside Tibet”. He agrees to defer the opening of a liaison office in Tibet but insists that the teacher must be allowed in soon.

July 1981:
CCP General Secretary Hu Yaobang replies with “China’s Five-point Policy toward the Dalai Lama”. Asking “the Dalai Lama and his followers to come back”, it says: “The Dalai Lama will enjoy the same political status and living conditions as he had before 1959. It is suggested that he not go to live in Tibet or hold local posts there. Of course, he may go back to Tibet from time to time. His followers need not worry about their jobs and living conditions. These will only be better than before”.

Apr 1982: A three member Tibetan delegation visits Beijing to hold exploratory talks with the Chinese leaders. The delegation drives home the point that the issue of Tibet is not about the personal status of the Dalai Lama and his officials. Rather it is about the well-being of the Tibetan people living inside China. Chinese leaders refuse to recognize that there is any problem in Tibet.

Oct 1984:
The three-member exploratory delegation revisits Beijing for another round of talks. Again, they meet with intransigence from the Chinese side.

Jul 1985:
The Fourth Fact-finding Delegation visits north-eastern Tibetan.

Sep 1987:
Addressing the US Congressional Human Rights Caucus, the Dalai Lama announces his Five Point Peace Plan for Tibet, asking for “the commencement of earnest negotiations on the future status of Tibet”.

Jun 1988: Speaking at the European Parliament in Strasbourg, the Dalai Lama elaborates on the Five Point Peace Plan and proposes talks leading to a “self-governing democratic political entity” for all the three provinces of Tibet. This entity, the Dalai Lama says, can live “in association with the People’s Republic of China”, and that Beijing can continue to “remain responsible for Tibet’s policy and defense”.

Sep 1988:
Beijing announces its willingness to negotiate with Tibetans and says that the Dalai Lama can choose the date and venue for negotiations.

Oct 1988: A press statement from Dharamsala welcomes Beijing’s announcement, proposing that the talks should start in Geneva in January 1989. The statement also names the members of the Tibetan negotiating team: six officials of the exile government and Dutch Lawyer Michael van Walt as their legal advisor.

Nov 1988: The Chinese government reverts to its former hard-line position and says that Strasbourg Proposal cannot be the basis for talks. China puts forward a number of other pre-conditions stating that: Beijing, Hong Kong or any other Chinese foreign mission office should be the venue for talks; the present Tibetan negotiating team is not acceptable as all its members have engaged in “splittist activities”; no foreigner should be include in the Tibetan team; and it is interested in talking directly to the Dalai Lama or his trusted representatives, like Gyalo Thondup.

Dec 1988: Dharamsala agrees to include Gyalo Thondup in the negotiating team, but backs up its position on other matters.

Apr 1989:
Dharamsala proposes to send an exploratory mission to Hong Kong to hold further discussion on conditions set by Beijing. The exploratory mission accepts Hong Kong as the venue for preliminary talks, but Beijing soon after shows no interest in holding talks.

Oct 1991: The Dalai Lama makes a fresh proposal to Beijing. Addressing Yale University, he expresses interest in visiting Tibet, accompanied by senior Chinese officials, to make an on-the-spot assessment of the actual situation in the Tibet.

Dec 1991: The Dalai Lama suggests a meeting with Premier Li Peng during the latter’s visit to New Delhi.

Jan 1992: In view of Beijing’s consistent refusal to respond positively to the Dalai Lama’s proposal, the exile Tibetan Parliament passes a resolution stating that no new move for negotiations should be initiated unless there was a positive change in the Chinese leadership’s attitude.

Apr 1992: The Chinese Embassy in New Delhi invites Gyalo Thondup to visit China for talks. The Embassy says that the Chinese government’s position in the past has been “conservative”, but that it is willing to be “flexible” if the Tibetans are prepared to be “realistic”.

Jun 1992: Gyalo Thondup visit China on the approval of the Dalai Lama, but the Chinese leadership reiterates its old, hard-line position in the past has been “conservative”, allegations against the Dalai Lama.

Jun 1993: Dharamsala send a two-member delegation to China to clear the misunderstandings raised by the Chinese leaders during their meeting with Thondup. The delegation carries a 13-point memorandum from the Dalai Lama, address to Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin. In the memorandum, the Dalai Lama chronicles his efforts to resolve the problem of Tibet through peaceful negotiations and says, “If we Tibetans obtain our basic rights to our satisfaction, then we are not incapable of seeing the possible advantages of living with the Chinese.” In the same year, China severs all formal channels of communication with Dharamsala. However, informal and semi-official channels continue to remain open.

Jun 1998 Addressing a joint press conference with US President Bill Clinton in Beijing, President Jiang Zemin says that he is willing to hold negotiations with Tibetans if the Dalai Lama publicly announces that Tibet is an inalienable part of China and recognizes Taiwan as a province of China.

Mar 1999: In his annual 10 March statement, the Dalai Lama announces that China has hardened its position on entering into dialogue with him.

Sep 2002: Breaking a decade-long deadlock in Dharamsala-Beijing relations, a four-member delegation, headed by Special Envoy Lodi G. Gyari, pays a visit to China and Tibet. The delegation spends almost a month touring China and Tibetan areas. Its mission is to reestablish direct contact with the Beijing leadership and to create a conducive atmosphere for regular face-to-face meetings.

May 2003: Following up on the September 2002 visit, the same delegation leaves for China and Tibet in May 2003. The visit comes soon after a change in the leadership of Chinese Communist Party and government. The delegation has an opportunity to engage extensively with the new Chinese leaders and officials responsible for Tibetan affairs.


Guys, can you see me i am surrounded by tulip. As every flower lover knows, flowers have a language of their own. Every sentiment is expressed in one form or another by these delicate blooms. Of course, even the experts disagree on the "true meaning" of many flowers and most have different meanings to different people. So, while all flowers convey thoughtfulness and love, here are TULIP flower meanings, according to one source. See, if you agree. And, remember, a gift of flowers for a special someone will always create its own personal meaning, too Iris: Faith, Wisdom, Valor, Your Friendship means so much to me ... (A) TULIP (GENERAL)-Perfect Lover, Flower Emblem of Holland (B) TULIP (RED) - Believe Me, Declaration of Love (C) TULIP (VARIEGATED) - Beautiful Eyes (D) TULIP (YELLOW) - There's Sunshine in Your Smile

Utowa Floral Gallery store
Display every morning

Installation by me at Donna Karen Home

Dona Karen (DKNY) Living room Floral Installation

Donna Karen (DKNY) on way to Bed Room

Japanese Socity Part at UNO Party Hall 2004

19th street Craft Steak weekly arrangment 2008

15th street Craftbar weekly arrangment 2008